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坎贝尔:美国不支持“台独” 寻求与中国“和平共处”

作者:万维读者网等   来源:中美印象  已有 2837人浏览 字体放大  字体缩小

美国白宫国安会印太事务协调官坎贝尔(Kurt Campbell)7月6日在智库活动被问及对台海安全议题时表示,美国支持台湾维护尊严,维持坚实的美台非官方关系,不支持台独。对此,台湾外交部7日表示,中华民国台湾是主权国家。


坎贝尔7月6日出席“亚洲协会”(Asia Society)视讯座谈。奥巴马时期的美国前国务院亚太助卿罗素(Daniel R. Russel)提问,中共不满美国渐进改变美台非官方关系,他好奇美国对台“爱多少才叫爱太多”,如何适当对台尊重支持,同时符合美方“一中政策”?坎贝尔回应:“我们支持与台湾坚实的非官方关系,我们不支持台独。我们充分了解这个议题极具敏感性。”美方在对台事务上必须保持平衡,这攸关牵动国际局势的台海和平稳定。

坎贝尔是白宫印太事务协调官,被称为“亚洲沙皇”(Asia tsar),尤其这又是拜登政府上台后,首次有高级别官员作出这样的表态,在台湾政坛引起大讨论。

台湾外交部7日表示,坎贝尔强调美台非官方关系,并重申支持台湾国际角色,特别在对抗疫情与争取疫苗不应被排除在外。对此立场,我方表示欢迎与感谢。外交部重申,中华民国台湾是主权国家,不是中华人民共和国一部分,是事实、也是现状。我国政府以稳健务实态度审慎处理两岸关系,捍卫自由民主制度,争取参与国际机会,已赢得美国及理念相近伙伴肯定。

国民党主席江启臣认为,美国提醒蔡政府两岸关系过度对立,影响美方“战略模糊”下的弹性,美方态度是向大陆释放善意,宣示回归美国传统外交路线,希望蔡总统宣示捍卫中华民国,涉及国号领土国家定位不进入修宪,称“中国大陆”并将大陆时期的中华民国历史,重新放回教科书。

台独立场的台湾制宪基金会回应,美国应与台湾建立正式外交关系,让民主同盟更加稳固,也向中国与民主友邦展现其卫护自由民主秩序的决心。台湾经历90年代民主化运动后,已事实上独立,但仍非“正常国家”,应制定一部真正符合台湾当前情状的新《宪法》。

与此同时,坎贝尔的表态也引来中共官媒的一阵自嗨,《环球时报》发表题为《台当局须听清楚:美“不支持台独”》的社论,文中称“美国官员公开宣示‘不支持台独’,这值得欢迎。不过美国官员的一个特点是‘话很多’,这是美方制造对台政策‘整体模糊’的一种方式。”该篇社论称台湾当局高度重视美国官员的每一句涉台表态,还酸台湾政府“活在那一堆表态里”。

点击这里查看《环球时报》社评:环球时报:台当局须听清楚:美“不支持台独”


外交部发言人汪文斌就坎贝尔的“声明”表态(2021年7月7日)

凤凰卫视记者:白宫印太事务协调官坎贝尔出席一个论坛时表示,美中两国可以和平共存,美方不支持“台独”。但他同时也说如果北京作出违背和平稳定的举动,美方将作出回应,还称北京方面越来越独断,请问中方有何回应?

汪文斌:你提到了两个问题,分别涉及中美关系和中国对外政策。

关于中美关系,我想说的是,中国的发展进步靠的不是谁的恩赐和施舍,而是中国人民艰苦奋斗的结果。希望美方采取理性务实的对华政策,聚焦合作,管控分歧,推动中美关系健康稳定发展。

中方在台湾问题上的立场是一贯的、明确的。世界上只有一个中国,台湾是中国领土不可分割的一部分。一个中国原则是中美关系的政治基础。我们敦促美方切实恪守一个中国原则和中美三个联合公报规定,在涉台问题上谨言慎行,停止向“台独”分裂势力发出错误信号,以免严重损害中美关系和台海和平稳定。

关于中国对外政策,前不久,习近平总书记在庆祝中国共产党成立100周年大会上发表的重要讲话中作出了论述。希望美方有关人士能够认真研读。这里我想给大家强调几点。

第一,中国力量的增长是世界和平力量的增长。中华民族的血液中没有侵略他人、称王称霸的基因。中国坚守和平、和睦、和谐的理念,坚定奉行独立自主的和平外交政策,坚持走和平发展道路,为政治解决热点问题、维护国际和地区和平稳定提出中国方案、作出中国贡献,始终是世界和平的建设者。

第二,中国的发展是世界发展的动力。中国的发展离不开世界,世界的繁荣也离不开中国。中国坚持改革开放的基本国策,坚持互利共赢的开放战略,坚持走生态优先、绿色低碳的发展道路,推动共建“一带一路”高质量发展,以中国的新发展为世界提供新机遇,始终是全球发展的贡献者。

第三,中国追求的是人类共同进步。中国坚持为人类进步事业而奋斗,愿同世界上一切进步力量携手前进,弘扬和平、发展、公平、正义、民主、自由的全人类共同价值,坚持合作、不搞对抗,坚持开放、不搞封闭,坚持互利共赢、不搞零和博弈,反对霸权主义和强权政治,始终是国际秩序的维护者。

第四,中国捍卫的是国际公平正义。中国人民是崇尚正义、不畏强权的人民。中国欢迎一切有益的建议和善意的批评,但绝不接受“教师爷”般颐指气使的说教,将坚定不移走自己的路。中国不会去侵犯别国主权、干涉别国内政,也绝不允许别国侵犯中国主权、干涉中国内政。这不仅是维护中国的正当权益,更是维护广大发展中国家的正当权益,维护国际关系的基本准则。

美国CNBC报道:U.S. and China can co-exist peacefully, says White House’s Kurt Campbell
July 7,2021

BEIJING — The U.S. and China can co-exist peacefully, and that the relationship should not be viewed as a “new cold war,” said Kurt Campbell, White House coordinator for the Indo-Pacific.

“There will be periods of uncertainty — perhaps even periods of occasional raised tensions,” he said Tuesday, according to a press release of his comments at an Asia Society event.

“Do I believe that China and the United States can co-exist peacefully? Yes, I do,” Campbell said. “But I do think this challenge is going to be enormously difficult for this generation and the next.”

Since U.S. President Joe Biden took office in January, his administration has maintained the tough stance of the preceding Trump administration. Biden has called China the “most serious competitor” to the U.S.

On the contentious issue of Taiwan, Campbell reiterated the Biden administration does not recognize Taiwan as an independent country, in accordance with the “One China Policy.”

Under Chinese President Xi Jinping, Beijing has more aggressively asserted its claims over Taiwan and pressured other countries and international organizations not to deal with the region independently.

Campbell added Tuesday that the U.S. is “quietly exploring” trade initiatives in Asia.

While domestic recovery in the U.S. from the coronavirus pandemic remained the administration’s priority, “for the first time in our history, the Indo-Pacific will be the center of our regional focus,” Campbell said.

Nikkei Asia: US does not support Taiwan independence: Kurt Campbell
July 7, 2021

Indo-Pacific coordinator pledges to 'step up' engagement with Southeast Asia

NEW YORK -- U.S President Joe Biden's point man on Asia is "astonished" by China's determination to play the leading role on the global stage and will "step up" its engagement in Southeast Asia to hold back such a trend. But the administration does not support Taiwan independence and understands the sensitivities involved, Indo-Pacific Coordinator Kurt Campbell said Tuesday.

Campbell's remarks at the Asia Society, are his first public comments since President Xi Jinping's July 1 speech celebrating the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party, in which the Chinese leader called the reunification of Taiwan "a historic mission and an unshakable commitment" of the party. 

"We support a strong unofficial relationship with Taiwan. We do not support Taiwan independence," Campbell said in response to a question from the moderator asking "how much love is too much?" when it comes to stronger relations with the island.

"We fully recognize and understand the sensitivities involved here,"  he said. "We do believe that Taiwan has a right to live in peace. We want to see its international role, particularly in areas like vaccines and issues associated with the pandemic, they should have a role to play here, they should not be shunned in the international community."

The Biden administration, meanwhile, will "step up our game substantially" with regards to Southeast Asia diplomacy, understanding that engagement with that region is key to successful Indo-Pacific policy, Campbell said. 

"We recognize fully that really for an effective Asia strategy, for an effective Indo-Pacific approach, you must do more in Southeast Asia," Campbell said.

The administration's Southeast Asia game plan has been hampered by the cancellation of the Shangri-La Dialogue, which draws top level military officials, diplomats and weapons makers from around the world, and that other regional summits later in the year look to be held virtually, Campbell noted. But, he said that through vaccine gifting and new funding for infrastructure, the U.S. seeks to engage in a sustained way.

"We've taken it on board with our own vaccine programs, but also working with the Quad. We are deeply engaged to ensure that we will provide vaccines in 2022 to Southeast Asia and the Pacific. We think this is the most important contribution that we can make in the next little while," he said.

On infrastructure, Campbell said, "We're looking carefully at how we apply elements of the Build Back Better World set of commitments made in Europe last month," pointing to the infrastructure initiative U.S. President Joe Biden and fellow leaders of the Group of Seven rich nations launched at the Cornwall, U.K., summit. 

He said that will include leveraging new finance arrangements for infrastructure at the U.S. International Development Finance Corporation.

"You will see later this year when the president hosts the Quad leaders in Washington, you'll see some commitments that will be, I hope, exciting, I think, decisive with respect to not only continuation of vaccine diplomacy, but infrastructure as well," he said pointing to the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue between the U.S., Japan, India and Australia.

On the threat China poses, Campbell said, "Coming back in, I was astonished by some of the things I read, saw and experienced and have had diplomatic engagements about. And one of them is just undeniable: A very assertive determined China that wants to play the leading role on the global stage, and has really quite unsentimental views of United States and really wants to reshape the operating system of Asia."

To counter this challenge, the Biden administration has made Asia the center of its regional focus, Campbell said. "You'll see this movement from the Middle East, and it will be painful, in all likelihood. We'll see some real challenges in places like Afghanistan, but a much greater focus on the Indo-Pacific."

Campbell said the challenge for the U.S. would be to come up with a strategy that presents China with opportunities, but also a response if it takes steps "antithetical to the maintenance of peace and stability."

Asked when he expected a first meeting between Biden and Chinese leader Xi Jinping and whether this could come at the G-20 summit in October, Campbell replied: "My expectation will be that we'll have some sort of engagement before too long."

Campbell's statement on Taiwan independence is in line with what he has said in past speeches and does not indicate a change of policy. But they will be interpreted in Beijing as a commitment to the status quo, coming after Xi's July 1 speech.

Under the "One China" policy, which the U.S. has maintained since 1979, Washington "acknowledges the Chinese position" that there is but one China and that Taiwan is part of China. The U.S. recognizes the government of the People's Republic of China as the "sole legal government of China" but does not explicitly recognize Chinese sovereignty over Taiwan.

This is distinct from Beijing's "One China" principle, which considers Taiwan a Chinese province and part of its sovereign claim.

发布时间:2021年07月08日 来源时间:2021年07月08日
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